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CE Marking Requirements and Steps
In order to sell your products within EU and the European Economic Area (EEA), the products should bear the CE mark. The following texts are extracts from the EU website on CE marking:
By affixing the CE marking to a product, a manufacturer declares that the product meets all the legal requirements for CE marking and can be sold throughout the EEA. This also applies to products made in other countries that are sold in the EEA.

If you are a manufacturer, you have to follow these six steps to affix a CE marking to your product:
  • Identify the applicable directive(s) and harmonised standards
  • Verify product specific requirements
  • Identify whether an independent conformity assessment (by a notified body) is necessary
  • Test the product and check its conformity
  • Draw up and keep available the required technical documentation
  • Affix the CE marking and draw up the EU Declaration of Conformity.

These six steps may differ by product as the conformity assessment procedure varies. Manufacturers must not affix CE marking to products that don’t fall under the scope of one of the directives providing for its affixing.

For products that present higher safety risks such as gas boilers or chainsaws, safety cannot be checked by the manufacturer alone. In these cases, an independent organisation, specifically a notified body appointed by national authorities, has to perform the safety check. The manufacturer may affix the CE marking to the product only once this has been done.
Importers and distributors help ensure that only products compliant with EU legislation and bearing the CE marking are placed on the extended Single Market of the EEA. As they are the intermediaries between manufacturers and traders, they must have overall knowledge of the legal requirements and make sure that the products they distribute or import meet them.
When importing from non-EU countries, importers must check that products fulfil all EU safety, health and environmental protection requirements before placing them on the market. The importer has to verify that:
·        the manufacturer outside the EU has taken the necessary steps to allow the product to be placed on the EU market
·        the necessary documentation such as the EU Declaration of Conformity (27 KB) and the technical documentation is available upon request
·        contact with the manufacturer is possible at any time
Distributors must handle the product carefully and they mustn’t affect its compliance with EU legislation. The distributor has to know which products must bear the CE marking and the accompanying documentation. They should be able to identify products that are not in compliance.
Distributors must be able to demonstrate to national authorities that they:
·        have confirmation from the manufacturer or the importer that the necessary measures have been taken
·        are able to assist national authorities in their efforts to receive the required documentation
If importers or distributors market the products under their own names, they take over the manufacturer’s responsibilities. In this case, they must have sufficient information on the design and production of the product because they will be assuming the legal responsibility when affixing the CE marking.
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